Human Resource Management in Agriculture
Have somebody heard about human resource management in agriculture, if no there are implication of human resource management in agriculture as agriculture is a labor intensive business, so it requires labors and managing labor requires lot of understanding of social factors which plays important role.
Human resource Management in Agriculture will include the following:
1. Procurement of labor
2. Utilization of labor and duration of employment
3. Period leave and absenteeism
4. Nature and extent of indiscipline
5. The determination of the laborers and trends in wage rates.
6. The application of incentives and provision of other benefits.
7. The nature and Redressal of grievances
8. Agricultural labor unions.
9. Conflicts between cultivators and laborers
10. Consultation and co-operation between cultivators and laborers.
Indian agriculture is still unorganized as far its operation is concerned; we know the manpower plays an important part in operation. Agriculture distribution channel involve high number intermediaries in between which leads to escalation of price of the agriculture produce. Indian agriculture industry is the largest vegetable growers in the world but with waste at 30% due to bad handling and infrastructure problem.
Majority of the problem in Indian agriculture industry will be solved with the effective and productive workforce working, if the proper rules and regulation are made regarding wages, conflict management and above points also.
One of the reasons which lack in HRM activities in Agriculture is due to less number organized player and resistant to change from the farmers and bigger unorganized player. The human resource in Indian agriculture originally consists of only cultivators. But due to historical, economic and social factor, labor class has emerged in course of time. Thus human resource in agriculture has come to consist of cultivators (owner/lessees of land) and labor.
Need for Effective Human Resource Management
It is an established fact that Human Resource Management will have a profound impact on agricultural productivity—productivity per hectare and productivity per worker employed. The yield per hectare is below the world average in all the crops. Human resource management with all its firepower which showing phenomenal success in other sector will definitely lead to increase in productivity and resolve inequality & conflicts.
By Priti Shah