English Grammar: Lessons in Present Indefinite Tense

S.N. Singh | May 26,2010 05:09 pm IST

Lesson No. 2

The Present Indefinite Tense is the tense that denotes the habit-showing actions that are not clearly defined or stated.

For example: -

1. Dogs bark at night.
2. We see with our eyes.
3. We hear with our ears.
4. A cow gives us milk.
5. We call Gandhiji Bapuji.

Clarification: All the sentences [1,2,3,4,5] show that dogs, we, cow are not at work; but they all have the habit of barking, seeing, hearing, giving, and calling, to state respectively.


Some more examples: -

1. Frogs jump. [This does not mean that frogs are at work.]
2. Frogs are jumping. [This means that frogs are at work.]


The verbs in their base form have their singular and plural numbers and are used as follows: -

Plural Number: -

1. We get electricity from various resources.
2. Farmers grow rice and wheat in many parts of India.
3. We pray to God.
4. We get light and energy from the sun.
5. Some trees shed their leaves in autumn.
6. Trees cause rainfall and give us oxygen.
7. We enjoy things as long as we don't have them.
8. They speak various languages in India.
9. The Himalayas lie to the north of India.
10. Some persons live to eat while some persons eat to live.

Singular Number: -

1. The sun gives us light and warmth.
2. God protects all His creatures.
3. Electricity keeps our houses cool in summer.
4. She gets up early in the morning and enjoys a long walk.
5. She waters plants in the vases regularly.

6. My son keeps his office neat and clean.
7. A mother loves her children selflessly.
8. The boy always speaks the truth.
9. The moon shines at night.
10. The world needs more geniuses with humility.



S. N. Singh has taught English for more than 45 years.Facebook Profile...

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GAURAV on 07/09/10 at 10:29 am

please you helhp me in english i want to learen u indefinate tense and other rule plz help me my contact no is 9891395813

Farhan Ahmed on 10/23/10 at 10:52 pm

Dear Sir,

I want learan english leangueg kindly help me please advoice me.

mumtaz on 11/01/10 at 01:57 pm

dear sir,
I want learan english leangueg plz help me sir

upen singh on 11/05/10 at 10:11 pm

I want learan english plz help me sir
plz plz

ranjit kaur on 11/07/10 at 02:12 pm

respected sir,
i have passed B.A.I dont know english very well pls help me sir meri age 32 hai mera husband ki death ho gaye hai english na aane se muje kahi job nahi milti pls koi easily se trike se muje english ke rules batado ar thode dino ke bad meri ek interview hai jo mei pass kar saka thanksssssssssssssssss . aap ka method accha lag raha hai english rules ka

sanjay rathore on 07/06/11 at 03:46 pm

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N.afridi on 12/14/11 at 09:15 am

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ali on 11/14/10 at 02:06 pm


puneet on 11/14/10 at 07:16 pm

Hello Sir.

I m Puneet From Noida and I m working in a print media as a post of Admin.Officer. Sir i Have problem to speak fluently but i understand almost and Learn 20 Word meaning every day my qualification is 6th by english medium school l left study due to some financial problem, my market experience is good, pls. suggest me how can i speak fluently, I m very thankfull to u.


Puneet Kumar Goswami

Ritu on 07/07/11 at 02:14 pm

Learning 20 new words a day is a gud thing but doing that alone won't help...u should know the usage of those words...i would suggest you to read english newspapers and magazines...keep a dictionary for quick reference while reading so you can check the meaning of words you are not familiar with...doing this you will also know the correct usage of words.
watching English movies will also be helpful...try to communicate with people in English as much as you can.

RAKESH PAL on 11/16/10 at 06:29 pm


G.SRINIVAS on 11/26/10 at 11:32 pm

respected sir, i am srinivas from hyderabad,and i am completed MBA, but i am unable to communicate in English fluently,,, i get fear when i am facing interview... i get very tense in the time of interview.... i am from telugu medium back ground.. so please how can i solve my problem. please help me sir,,,,,

mujeeb khan on 12/21/10 at 03:57 pm

I want to learn english. PLease help me give me some basic tips

waris on 03/11/11 at 02:23 pm

respected sir´,
please send me data about tenses which has been writen in an easy way..
secondly,also give me some tips about vocoblery that how can i improve my vocoblery?
and the last reqvest is about conversation,i am very very poor in conversation....
sir please reply me as soon as posible

Vishavjit singh(verified) on 04/05/11 at 02:00 pm

Sir i am copletely satisfied by the knowledge given here.thank you sir

sanjay rathore on 07/06/11 at 05:32 pm

hi all
I also teach English. I have been teaching English for the last 15 years. If anybody of you wants to learn good English then you can contact at my no 9250896527. I assure you that I can really help you learn good English in a very short period of time.

Sanjay Rathore

DAVINDER on 07/07/11 at 02:10 pm

Dear Sir

I m working in multi national company I know english but could not speak properly can u help me by notes.


vicky on 08/03/11 at 11:27 am

dear sir,
iwant to english learen i request sir plz help me tense

neetu on 08/03/11 at 04:07 pm

Dear Vicky

To learn English you should first start reading English grammar books and start learning words from dictionary.

For grammar you can also prefer CoolAvenues.com Englsih section

rohit on 08/07/11 at 09:35 pm

hello sir , i m a studen . I have a big problen with my english . I understand it but i can't to speak . Plz suggested me some idea . I shall b thankful to u .

A user on 08/08/11 at 01:04 pm

You can improve your English by reading and practicing Norman Lewis's Word Power Made Easy. Reading english newspapers and magazines with a dictionary for ready reference will also help improve your english.

N.afridi on 12/14/11 at 09:17 am

can i help U