English Grammar: Lessons in Present Indefinite Tense
S.N. Singh May 26,2010
Lesson No. 2
The Present Indefinite Tense is the tense that denotes the habit-showing actions that are not clearly defined or stated.
For example: -
1. Dogs bark at night.
2. We see with our eyes.
3. We hear with our ears.
4. A cow gives us milk.
5. We call Gandhiji Bapuji.
Clarification: All the sentences [1,2,3,4,5] show that dogs, we, cow are not at work; but they all have the habit of barking, seeing, hearing, giving, and calling, to state respectively.
Some more examples: -
1. Frogs jump. [This does not mean that frogs are at work.]
2. Frogs are jumping. [This means that frogs are at work.]
The verbs in their base form have their singular and plural numbers and are used as follows: -
Plural Number: -
1. We get electricity from various resources.
2. Farmers grow rice and wheat in many parts of India.
3. We pray to God.
4. We get light and energy from the sun.
5. Some trees shed their leaves in autumn.
6. Trees cause rainfall and give us oxygen.
7. We enjoy things as long as we don't have them.
8. They speak various languages in India.
9. The Himalayas lie to the north of India.
10. Some persons live to eat while some persons eat to live.
Singular Number: -
1. The sun gives us light and warmth.
2. God protects all His creatures.
3. Electricity keeps our houses cool in summer.
4. She gets up early in the morning and enjoys a long walk.
5. She waters plants in the vases regularly.
6. My son keeps his office neat and clean.
7. A mother loves her children selflessly.
8. The boy always speaks the truth.
9. The moon shines at night.
10. The world needs more geniuses with humility.